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Server Script

Server Script

A Server Script lets you dynamically define a Python Script that is executed on the server on a document event or API

1. How to create a Server Script

To create a Server Script

You must set server_script_enabled as true in site_config.json of your site.
To add/edit Server Script, ensure your role is System Manager.
Create a new server script via "New Server Script" in the toolbar.
Set the type of server script (Document Event / API).
Set the document type and event name, or method name, script and save.

2. Features

2.1 Enabling Server Script

Server script must be enabled via site_config.json

bench --site site1.local set-config server_script_enabled true

2.2 Document Events

For scripts that are to be called via document events, you must set the Reference Document Type and Event Name to define the trigger

Before Insert
Before Save
After Save
Before Submit
After Submit
Before Cancel
After Cancel
Before Delete
After Delete
Before Save (Submitted Document)
After Save (Submitted Document)

2.3 API Scripts

You can create a new API that can be accessed via api/method/[methodname] by the script type "API"

If you want the guest user to access the API, you must check on "Allow Guest"

The response can be set via frappe.response["message"] object

2.3 Security

Frappe Framework uses the Restricted Python library to restrict access to methods available for server scripts. Only the safe methods, listed below are available in server scripts

json # json module
dict # internal dict
_ # translator method
dict # frappe.dict internal method
frappe.flags # global flags

frappe.format # frappe.format_value(value, dict(fieldtype='Currency'))
frappe.format_value # frappe.format_value(value, dict(fieldtype='Currency'))
frappe.date_format # default date format
frappe.format_date # returns date as "1st September 2019"

frappe.form_dict # form / request parameters
frappe.request # request object
frappe.response # response object
frappe.session.user # current user
frappe.session.csrf_token # CSRF token of the current session
frappe.user # current user
frappe.get_fullname # fullname of the current user
frappe.get_gravatar # frappe.utils.get_gravatar_url
frappe.full_name = # fullname of the current user

frappe.get_meta # get metadata object


frappe.msgprint # msgprint
frappe.get_hooks # app hooks
frappe.utils # methods in frappe.utils
frappe.render_template # frappe.render_template,
frappe.get_url # frappe.utils.get_url
socketio_port # port for socketio
style.border_color # '#d1d8dd'
guess_mimetype = mimetypes.guess_type,
html2text = html2text,
dev_server # True if in developer mode

3. Examples

3.1 Change the value of a property before change

Script Type: Before Save

3.2 Custom validation

Script Type: "Before Save"

3.3. Auto Create To Do

Script Type: "After Save"

3.4 API

Script Type: API
Method Name: test_method

Request: /api/method/test_method

Updated on: 31/03/2023

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